Egyptoblog

Blog de l'Association Egyptologique du Gard

"Sekhmet omnipresent" conference at the Mummification Museum in Luxor, Egypt. Opening speeches

"Sekhmet omnipresent" conference at the Mummification Museum in Luxor, Egypt.
Opening speeches 

 

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247 lectures

Spanish Archaeologists Discover Unopened 4000-Year-Old Tomb in Aswan

 
AYA NADER

 

Archival photo: An inside look of a discovered tomb in Egypt’s Aswan.

More discoveries are revealed week after week in Egypt reaching the Spanish Archaeological Mission discovery of an intact burial chamber in Qubbet el-Hawa, West Aswan. 

The discovered burial belongs to Sarenput II, the brother of one of the most important governors of the 12th Dynasty (middle Kingdom), according to Luxor Times Magazine on Wednesday. 

“The discovery is important because not only for the richness of the burial but it sheds light on those individuals who were shadowed by others in power. In fact, there is no much information about them,” said Mahmoud Afifi, head of the ancient Egyptian antiquities department of the antiquities ministry.

Director of Aswan Antiquities Nasr Salama said that the present finding is unique because it has been located with all the funerary goods, which consist of pottery, two cedar coffins (outer and inner) and a set of wooden models, which represents funerary boats and scenes of the daily life.

Another discovery has been disclosed through the efforts of Alejandro Jiménez-Serrano, director of the Spanish mission of the University of Jaen. A mummy covered with a polychrome cartonnage, a beautiful mask and collars in good condition of preservation, was discovered, yet remains under study. 

The inscriptions of the coffins bear the name of the defunct, Shemai, followed respectively by his mother and father, Satethotep and Khema. The latter was governor of Elephantine under the reign of Amenemhat II.

Serrano explained that Sarenput II, the eldest brother of Shemai, was one of the most powerful governors of Egypt under the reigns of Senwosret II and Senwosret III. Apart from his duties as governor of Elephantine, he was general of the Egyptian troops and was responsible of the cult of different gods. 

“This discovery, the University of Jaen Mission in Qubbet el-Hawa adds more data to previous discoveries of fourteen members of the ruling family of Elephantine during Dynasty 12. Such high number of individuals provides a unique opportunity to study the life conditions of the high class in Egypt more than 3800 years ago,” the director of the mission said.

Last week, a colossus of Psamtek I has been found in Matariya, Cairo by Egyptian and German archaeologists. In February, A team of Egyptian and Japanese archaeologists has discovered a new 3000-year-old tomb in Al-Khokha archaeological site on the West Bank in Luxor, which is believed to belong to a Royal Scribe called “Khonsu”.

https://egyptianstreets.com/2017/03/22/spanish-archaeologists-discover-unopened-4000-year-old-tomb-in-aswan/

125 lectures

New discovery: Intact tomb uncovered in Aswan

source :http://english.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/9/40/261435/Heritage/Ancient-Egypt/New-discovery-Intact-tomb-uncovered-in-Aswan.aspx

The intact tomb of the brother of a 12th Dynasty Elephantine governor has been uncovered, containing a range of funerary goods

 
 
Ahram Online , Wednesday 22 Mar 2017
 
discovery

The Spanish Archaeological Mission in Qubbet El-Hawa, west Aswan, has discovered an intact structure where the brother of one of the most important governors of the 12th Dynasty, Sarenput II, was buried.

 

Mahmoud Afifi, head of Ancient Egyptian Antiquities Department, described the discovery as “important” not only for the richness of the burial chamber, but also in shedding light on individuals close to those in power. 

Nasr Salama, director general of Aswan Antiquities, said that the find is unique with funerary goods that consist of pottery, two cedar coffins (outer and inner) and a set of wooden models, which represent funerary boats and scenes of daily life.

Alejandro Jiménez-Serrano, head of the Spanish mission from the University of Jaen, said that a mummy was also discovered but is still under study. It is covered with a polychrome cartonnage with a beautiful mask and collars.

Inscriptions on the coffins bear the name of the deceased, Shemai. followed respectively by his mother and father, Satethotep and Khema. The latter was governor of Elephantine under the reign of Amenemhat II.

He explained that Sarenput II, the eldest brother of Shemai, was one of the most powerful governors of Egypt under the reigns of Senwosret II and Senwosret III. Apart from his duties as governor of Elephantine, he was general of the Egyptian troops and was responsible for the cult of different gods.

With this discovery, Serrano asserted, the University of Jaen mission in Qubbet El-Hawa adds more data to previous discoveries of 14 members of the ruling family of Elephantine during the 12th Dynasty. Such high numbers of individuals provide a unique opportunity to study the living conditions of the upper class in Egypt more than 3,800 years ago.

 

discovery
works upon discovery
 

 

 

 

discovery
The entrance of the tomb
 
118 lectures

Égypte : Moubarak acquitté pour la mort de manifestants en 2011

http://www.lepoint.fr/monde/egypte-moubarak-acquitte-pour-la-mort-de-manifestants-en-2011--02-03-2017-2108850_24.php#xtor=RSS-294

 

Moubarak avait été condamné à la prison à vie en 2012, mais un nouveau procès avait été ordonné par la justice. Il a été acquitté ce jeudi.

SOURCE AFP
Publié le  | Le Point.fr 
Moubarak fait un signe de la main à ses soutiens en octobre 2016
Moubarak fait un signe de la main à ses soutiens en octobre 2016 © AFP/ KHALED DESOUKI
 
 
135 lectures

Archaeologists unearth statue of Queen Tiye in Egypt's Luxor

 

Archaeologists unearth statue of Queen Tiye in Egypt's Luxor

 

The discovery of the statue was made by the European-Egyptian mission, working under the umbrella of the German Archaeological Institute

 
 
Nevine El-Aref , Thursday 23 Mar 2017
http://english.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/9/40/261512/Heritage/Ancient-Egypt/Archaeologists-unearth-statue-of-Queen-Tiye-in-Egy.aspx
 
Enany

A unique statue, possibly of Queen Tiye, the wife of King Amenhotep III and grandmother of King Tutankhamun, has been unearthed at her husband's funerary temple in Kom El-Hittan on Luxor's west bank.

 

The exciting find was made by the European-Egyptian mission, working under the umbrella of the German Archaeological Institute.

Minister of Antiquities Khaled El-Enany who visited the site to inspect the discovery, described the staute as "unique and distinghuised".

He told Ahram Online that no alabaster statues of Queen Tiye have been found before now.

"All previous statues of her unearthed in the temple were carved of quartzite," he said.

Hourig Sourouzian, head of the mission said that the statue is very well preserved and has kept is colours well.

She said the statue was founded accidentally while archaeologists were lifting up the lower part of a statue of king Amenhotep III that was buried in the sand.

"The Queen Tiye statue appeared beside the left leg of the King Amenhotep III statue," Sourouzian said.

She added that the statue will be the subject of restoration work. 

 

Tiye2
 

 

 

 

Tiye
 
125 lectures

Conférence : Les hiéroglyphes des écrivains : savoirs et imaginaires, XIX-XXe siècles

L'ADEC a invité M. Daniel LANÇON, professeur de littérature française (Université Grenoble Alpes), à présenter une conférence à l’ANCIEN PARLEMENT DU DAUPHINE, Place Saint André à Grenoble , le samedi 8 avril à 15h00

 

 

Titre : Les hiéroglyphes des écrivains : savoirs et imaginaires, XIX-XXe siècles

 

Résumé : Alors que le discours tenu sur l’écriture égyptienne porte encore bien souvent au début du siècle sur les anciennes allégories sacrées, la découverte de Champollion en 1822 marque à l’évidence une rupture épistémologique. Trois démarches entrent dès lors en concurrence : celle des « savants austères », linguistes égyptologues, dont la science va progresser au fil du siècle jusqu’à permettre la création de corpus littéraires authentiques proposés à la lecture en traduction française mais dont les avancées sont contestées pendant une trentaine d’années ; celle de mythographes « égyptosophistes » prétendant à la vérité des signes d’une langue symbolique primitive ; celle des écrivains de vocation dont l’impossible mission de remotivation du signe ne va cesser de croiser une pensée des « hiéroglyphes » envisagés littéralement ou métaphoriquement.

Je me propose de présenter l’évolution de cette coexistence conflictuelle au fil des temps, en lien avec le statut d’un imaginaire de la connaissance linguistique et pré-linguistique, comme hors sémiotique de langage réellement parlé. L’accent sera placé sur les conceptions de l’acte littéraire, plus spécifiquement de l’acte poétique dans la seconde moitié du siècle. La poésie romantique puis surtout symboliste se serait-elle donnée pour « mission » de récupérer les prestiges de cette langue abolie et de renouer avec des modes de penser antérieurs ? Si oui, comment s’exprime cette résurgence dans les œuvres littéraires ?

149 lectures

Call for Papers ‘The evolution of the museum’

 
 
 
 
 
 
 

21 March 2017

Call for Papers ‘The evolution of the museum’ 

 
Science Museum, London, 13-14th July 2017

Museums are emergent entities – and the evolution of a museum is dependent on a number of factors, including: changes in collecting and disposal practices, redisplays and the legacy of temporary exhibitions. New pedagogical perspectives relating to new questions or ideological trends, either in museology or in the disciplines represented in the collections, are also influential.
 
This workshop will focus on selected case studies to analyse the impact of these changes on methodological issues relating to universal histories and universal museums. In particular, the evolution of the museum will be discussed in relation to the impact of temporary exhibitions and the circulation of knowledge in the public sphere. The workshop will explore how social knowledge practices influence the structuring of institutional knowledge, and the emergence of new disciplines.
 
The case studies that we will use to trace this evolution over time are the 1876  Loan Collection of Scientific Apparatus at the South Kensington Museum and the creation of the Musée d'Ethnographie du Trocadéro.
 
The 1876 Loan Exhibition is a temporary exhibition which took place in 1876 at the South Kensington Museum and was one of the founding displays which led to the creation of the Science Museum. This exhibition offers an ideal case study for the ways in which temporary displays have a permanent legacy in national and international museum collections, and how far the interpretation and presentation of materials was transformed in this process.
 
The Musée d'Ethnographie du Trocadéro opened in 1882 following the 1878 International Exhibition, for which the Trocadéro palace had been built. Though many studies have focused on the successive transformations of this museum in the Musée de l’Homme and, successively, the Musée du Quai Branly and the MUCEM, the first assemblage and display of these ethnographic collections is less well known. Drawing on the place given to the arts, the regions, and different themes in universal exhibitions in Paris, and particularly in the 1878 exhibition, the discussion of the Musée d'Ethnographie will cast new light on the motivations and relationships of collectors, learned societies, politicians, and publics in informing the creation of this museum.
 
The workshop will bring together researchers from ethnography, history of science, and museum history, to explore the evolution of museums, mainly – but not only – in France and the UK. The workshop will also contain a session with the objects studied in the Universal Histories and Universal Museums project. We invite papers and posters exploring the agencies and reception of these two institutions and their collections. Contributions might consider, but need not be confined to, the following themes:
 
-          History and/or  comparison of the science and art collections in the South Kensington Museum, and the foundation of the Science Museum
-          History of ethnographic collections in Paris (and direct comparisons with other cities and particularly with London) and of the first Musée d'Ethnographie du Trocadéro
-          The impact of temporary exhibitions and universal exhibitions on the creation and development of museum collections.
 
Important information:
  • Papers - abstract: 300 words (30 minutes papers)
  • Poster presentations – abstract: 300 words
                                          
Deadline for both abstracts: 21st April 2017. 
Send abstracts to: Cette adresse e-mail est protégée contre les robots spammeurs. Vous devez activer le JavaScript pour la visualiser.
Authors will be notified by the 30th April.
Note that we will aim to publish the workshops of the ‘Universal Histories, Universal Museums’ research project as a journal special issue.
 
On behalf of the Universal Histories and Universal Museums team: André Delpuech, Hervé Inglebert, Sandra Kemp, Chiara Zuanni.
Discover more about the project: https://universalhistories.org - Get in touch via Facebook (page ‘Universal Histories and Universal Museums’), Twitter (@UniversalMuseum), and Instagram (@universal_histories).
 
428 lectures

Unraveling the Mystery of Who Lies Beneath the Cloth

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The Gilded Lady, a star of the new exhibition “Mummies,” at the American Museum of Natural History.CreditAgaton Strom for The New York Times 

Mummy No. 30007, currently residing at the American Museum of Natural History, is a showstopper. She’s known as the Gilded Lady, for good reason: Her coffin, intricately decorated with linen, a golden headdress and facial features, has an air of divinity. She’s so well preserved that she looks exactly how the people of her time hoped she would appear for eternity. To contemporary scientists, however, it’s what they don’t see that is equally fascinating: Who was this ancient woman, and what did she look like when she was alive?

This is one of the many mysteries examined in “Mummies,” which opened at the museum on Monday and runs through Jan. 7. More than a dozen specimens are on display; some have not been on public view in more than 100 years, since the 1893 World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago. The show, which originated at the Field Museum in Chicago, explores how and why two civilizations separated by about 7,500 miles — ancient Egypt and pre-Columbian Peru — practiced mummification.

Teaser: Unwrap a Mummy Interactive Video by American Museum of Natural History

With its somber lighting and music, the exhibition almost commands reverence; we are in the company of the dead, after all. But the show also includes virtual mummies that viewers can unwrap at interactive tables. The easy-to-navigate space reveals rare artifacts and three-dimensional imaging of what lies beneath the cloth. The hero of modern mummy investigations, the CT scanner, is prominently displayed at the start of the exhibition. It gives archaeologists an inside look at the millenniums-old specimens without damaging them. A century ago, scientists would unwrap their finds, often harming them in the process — one of the real mummies in the show was decapitated when archaeologists removed its face covering.

Photo
 
A re-creation of a mummy in a CT scanning device, which is used to examine mummies without unwrapping them. CreditAgaton Strom for The New York Times 

The Gilded Lady, though, was never unwrapped. Archaeologists used CT scanning to create a 3-D print of her skull, which helped a forensic artist reconstruct her facial features. They even determined her potential cause of death — tuberculosis — about 2,000 years ago. Dating to Roman-era Egypt, she was probably in her 40s when she succumbed, had curly hair and an overbite.

Continue reading the main story
 
 

But way before visitors meet the Gilded Lady, they are taken to Peru, where about 7,000 years ago the Chinchorro people became the first known civilization to practice mummification, thousands of years before the Egyptians. They used stone knives to cut flesh from the bones of the dead. Then the preparers would dry or smoke the flesh, clean the bones and reinforce the skeleton using reeds and clay. Then they would reattach the skin to the body and paint it black or red. One of the final steps was to adorn their mummies with a clay mask, modeled from the person’s face, and add a wig. Few of these fragile masks have survived, but a replica is on display encased in glass.

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A recreated Peruvian Chinchorro burial mask. CreditAgaton Strom for The New York Times 

Dozens of other societies in the region of what is now Peru also mummified their dead. It was a way to preserve family members and establish a dynasty. They would pack them into bundles of cloth or wool, shaped like a sitting person. Sometimes ceramics or personal items would be put in the bundles. The Chancay culture in Peru placed the bundles upright in pits, and retrieved them during festivals, or when they wanted to show off their ancestors. Mummification was a way to keep family members close, unlike the ancient Egyptians, who sought to set up the dead for an afterlife with the gods. A full-size diorama shows what a pit looked like.

(The exhibit was organized by David Hurst Thomas, curator of North American archaeology, and John J. Flynn, a curator of fossil mammals, both at the American Museum of Natural History.)

The Peru section also displays several skulls that were manipulated to have bumps or appear oblong. Archaeologists think that some Peruvian cultures practiced cranial shaping on the developing skulls of newborns.

Photo
 
A diorama of an ancient Peruvian pit burial, used with a kind of mummification that preceded the Egyptian tradition. CreditAgaton Strom for The New York Times 

In the Egypt section are the more familiar types of mummies. Egyptians began mummifying their dead around 3,500 B.C., preparing them much more extravagantly than the Peruvians did and using an early form of embalming.

To prepare a body, the Egyptians made an incision in the abdomen and removed the intestines, kidneys and lungs, usually leaving the heart in place. They used hooked instruments to extract the brain through the nostrils. It was tossed. Ancient Egyptians placed little value on the brain, believing thoughts came from the heart, according to archaeologists. The organs were preserved and stored in jars, which would be stored in the mummy’s tomb. The bodies were cleaned and soaked in a solution, and then left to dry for five or six weeks. After a mummy was dried, oils were rubbed on its skin, sometimes for days. Then, the body was wrapped, from each individual toe up to the head.

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Canopic jars, bearing the likenesses of Egyptian gods, hold preserved organs of a mummy.CreditAgaton Strom for The New York Times 

The first Egyptian station features four canopic jars, which safeguarded the organs of the deceased. They are adorned with the faces of a jackal, a baboon, a human and a hawk, which represent different Egyptian gods Huddled in a fetal position nearby is the exhibition’s oldest mummy, at between 5,000 and 6,000 years old and found in Egypt. Her dried feet and skull emerge from what appears to be a straw or cloth covering. This woman was preserved not by embalmers, like the Gilded Lady, was but by natural causes — a reminder that some mummies are accidents.

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Egyptian coffin fragments. CreditAgaton Strom for The New York Times 

The diversity of coffins in the Egyptian section reflects wealth disparity. Not everyone was a mighty pharaoh or prosperous merchant able to afford a fancy sarcophagus made of stone or a coffin made of imported wood that was painted with elaborate designs of Osiris, god of the underworld, and stored in a grandiose tomb. There are also coffins in the familiar curvy Egyptian shape made of cheap wood for those seeking an economy-class ride to the afterlife. Many of the extravagant sarcophagi are damaged, victims of looting.

What the mummies from Peru and Egypt have in common is the care that went into their preparation, and their placement in cloth bundles or elaborate sarcophagi, to be put on display for life after death, whether that meant for family members or for the gods. In witnessing them now, viewers become part of that afterlife.

126 lectures

Apr 3, 9:00 AM: ONLINE COURSE: Before the Alphabet: Writing Systems in the Ancient World (8 weeks)

This course will run entirely online for eight weeks from April 3 to May 29, 2017. This course surveys the ways in which humans make language visible. Topics will include the definition of writing, the typology of writing systems (including logographic, syllabic, and alphabetic systems), the invention and evolution of writing, as well as some of the cultural issues that are intertwined with scripts. The earliest, original writing systems (the so-called pristine writing systems from Sumer, Egypt, China, and Mesoamerica) and the social, cultural, and historical contexts of their inventions will be a major focus of this course, as well as their decipherment by modern scholars. Instructor: Massimo Maiocchi, PhD, is a historian with expertise in early urbanization, the social and political history of Mesopotamia, and cuneiform texts from the third millennium BC. Course Outline: Week 1. Introduction Week 2. Cuneiform – part 1 Week 3. Cuneiform – part 2 Week 4. Egyptian Hieroglyphic – part 1 Week 5. Egyptian Hieroglyphic – part 2 Week 6. Chinese Writing Week 7. Maya Hieroglyphic Week 8. The Alphabet Registration required Registration Deadline EXTENDED: March 30

Date: April 3, 2017
Time: 9:00 AM - 1:00 PM

See: http://oi.uchicago.edu/register
140 lectures

Apr 5, 7:00 PM: LECTURE: Be My Baby in Babylonia: Girl Meets Boy and Vice Versa

Oriental Institute Lecture Series Andrew George, Professor of Babylonian, SOAS, University of London An illustrated lecture which presents two Old Babylonian incantations in comparative perspective. The language and emotions of new love and sexual attraction are shared in compositions as diverse as Akkadian and Sumerian love incantations and popular music from nearly four thousand years later. The incantations are on tablets newly published in the speaker’s Mesopotamian Incantations and Related Texts. One is completely new, the other strangely familiar.

Date: April 5, 2017
Time: 7:00 PM - 9:00 PM

See: https://www.eventbrite.com/e/lecture-be-my-baby-in-babylonia-girl-meets-boy-and-vice-versa-tickets-28256661435
133 lectures
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